Shape Generally oblong, slightly curved, with a pointed tip
Size Average length of 7-10mm, width of 6-8mm
Weight Average weight of a single grain is 25-35mg
Color Can vary between shades of yellow, white, red, black, and blue, depending on the cultivar
Texture Hard, smooth outer layer (pericarp), with a softer endosperm and germ inside
Moisture Content Typically 10-14%, but can vary depending on storage conditions
Density Average density of 720 kg/m³
Shelf Life Can be stored for several years under proper storage conditions, including cool and dry environments